George Frederickson, Racism: A Short History, 1-15, 49-97

Omi and Winant, Racial Formations, 9-15

Locke, Second Treatise, 7-17, 52-53

Mills, The Racial Contract, 1-49

Smith, “Multiple Traditions”

Goldberg, “Racial States”

Balibar, “Is There a Neo-Racism?”

Lorde, Master’s Tools

Collins, Black Feminist Thought

Kimberle Crenshaw, "Beyond Racism and Misogyny"

Alcoff, "What Should White People Do?"

Owen, "Towards a Critical Theory of Whiteness"

Gilroy, "Race Ends Here,"

Amy Gutmann and K. Anthony Appiah, Color Conscious

McCarthy, "Vergangenheitsbewaltigung in the USA: On the Politics and the Memory of Slavery"